使用Docker部署Mastodon

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AI摘要:本文介绍了如何使用Docker部署Mastodon。首先,通过拉取镜像和下载docker-compose.yml文件来准备环境。然后,初始化PostgreSQL并配置Mastodon。接下来,启动Mastodon并创建管理员。最后,给出了Nginx的配置规则。

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拉取镜像

mkdir -p /home/mastodon/mastodon
cd /home/mastodon/mastodon
docker pull ghcr.io/mastodon/mastodon     
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/mastodon/mastodon/master/docker-compose.yml

修改docker-compose.yml文件

vi docker-compose.yml

初始化PostgreSQL

docker run --name postgres14 -v /home/mastodon/mastodon/postgres14:/var/lib/postgresql/data -e   POSTGRES_PASSWORD=密码 --rm -d postgres:14-alpine

进入数据库容器

docker exec -it postgres14 psql -U postgres

创建用户mastodon

CREATE USER mastodon WITH PASSWORD '数据库密码' CREATEDB;

退出

\q

停止docker

docker stop postgres14

配置Mastodon

先创建一个.env.production文件

touch .env.production

运行

docker-compose run --rm web bundle exec rake mastodon:setup

随后按照提示输入相关设定
参考如下

Below is your configuration, save it to an .env.production file outside Docker:

之后会生成.env.production相关配置内容
复制下来粘贴在.env.production

启动Mastodon

docker-compose down
docker-compose up -d

创建管理员

docker exec mastodon-web-1 tootctl accounts create admin --email jkjoy@126.com --confirmed --role Owner

nginx规则

map $http_upgrade $connection_upgrade {
  default upgrade;
  ''      close;
}

upstream backend {
    server 127.0.0.1:3000 fail_timeout=0;
}

upstream streaming {
    server 127.0.0.1:4000 fail_timeout=0;
}

proxy_cache_path /var/cache/nginx levels=1:2 keys_zone=CACHE:10m inactive=7d max_size=1g;

server {
  listen 80;
  listen [::]:80;
  server_name t.sgcd.net;
  root /home/mastodon/mastodon/public;
  location /.well-known/acme-challenge/ { allow all; }
  location / { return 301 https://$host$request_uri; }
}

server {
  listen 443 ssl http2;
  listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
  server_name t.sgcd.net;

  ssl_protocols TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
  ssl_ciphers HIGH:!MEDIUM:!LOW:!aNULL:!NULL:!SHA;
  ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
  ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
  ssl_session_tickets off;

  # Uncomment these lines once you acquire a certificate:
  # ssl_certificate     /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/fullchain.pem;
  # ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/privkey.pem;
  ssl_certificate /www/sites/t.sgcd.net/ssl/fullchain.pem; 
  ssl_certificate_key /www/sites/t.sgcd.net/ssl/privkey.pem; 
  keepalive_timeout    70;
  sendfile             on;
  client_max_body_size 99m;

  root /home/mastodon/mastodon/public;

  gzip on;
  gzip_disable "msie6";
  gzip_vary on;
  gzip_proxied any;
  gzip_comp_level 6;
  gzip_buffers 16 8k;
  gzip_http_version 1.1;
  gzip_types text/plain text/css application/json application/javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript image/svg+xml image/x-icon;

  location / {
    try_files $uri @proxy;
  }

  # If Docker is used for deployment and Rails serves static files,
  # then needed must replace line `try_files $uri =404;` with `try_files $uri @proxy;`.
  location = /sw.js {
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=604800, must-revalidate";
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains";
    try_files $uri @proxy;
  }

  location ~ ^/assets/ {
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=2419200, must-revalidate";
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains";
    try_files $uri @proxy;
  }

  location ~ ^/avatars/ {
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=2419200, must-revalidate";
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains";
    try_files $uri @proxy;
  }

  location ~ ^/emoji/ {
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=2419200, must-revalidate";
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains";
    try_files $uri @proxy;
  }

  location ~ ^/headers/ {
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=2419200, must-revalidate";
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains";
    try_files $uri @proxy;
  }

  location ~ ^/packs/ {
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=2419200, must-revalidate";
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains";
    try_files $uri @proxy;
  }

  location ~ ^/shortcuts/ {
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=2419200, must-revalidate";
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains";
    try_files $uri @proxy;
  }

  location ~ ^/sounds/ {
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=2419200, must-revalidate";
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains";
    try_files $uri @proxy;
  }

  location ~ ^/system/ {
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=2419200, immutable";
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains";
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'none'; form-action 'none'";
    try_files $uri @proxy;
  }

  location ^~ /api/v1/streaming {
    proxy_set_header Host $host;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
    proxy_set_header Proxy "";

    proxy_pass http://streaming;
    proxy_buffering off;
    proxy_redirect off;
    proxy_http_version 1.1;
    proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
    proxy_set_header Connection $connection_upgrade;

    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains";

    tcp_nodelay on;
  }

  location @proxy {
    proxy_set_header Host $host;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
    proxy_set_header Proxy "";
    proxy_pass_header Server;

    proxy_pass http://backend;
    proxy_buffering on;
    proxy_redirect off;
    proxy_http_version 1.1;
    proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
    proxy_set_header Connection $connection_upgrade;

    proxy_cache CACHE;
    proxy_cache_valid 200 7d;
    proxy_cache_valid 410 24h;
    proxy_cache_use_stale error timeout updating http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504;
    add_header X-Cached $upstream_cache_status;

    tcp_nodelay on;
  }

  error_page 404 500 501 502 503 504 /500.html;
}
最后更新 2023-07-19
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